Pompeii arose on the slopes of Vesuvius near the sea and near the river Sarno and Oscans founded it around the VIII century b. C. by, giving the name to the city.
It developed rapidly thanks to its geographical position, becoming the commercial fulcrum of the time. So Pompeii entered in the expansionist ambitions of very powerful peoples such as the Greeks, the Etruscans, the Samnites and finally the Romans who did not adopt a hard command line but granted the citizens much autonomy and made numerous changes to the City.
Romans gave it a strong architectural impulse, in fact the city was "romanized" and so it became similar to Rome also from an institutional point of view.
Pompeians matured the strong desire to achieve total independence that led them to join with other Italian municipalities, in a rebellion against Rome, which did not have a positive outcome.
In 89 b.C. Pompeii became a colony and lost its autonomy, so the city took the name of "Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum" because governed by dictator Publius Cornelius Silla (and Veneria because he was very devoted to the goddess Venus).
In 62 a. C., when it was under Nero's command, the city suffered a violent earthquake that deeply damaged it. Even if the Roman Senate immediately ordered the reconstruction, it was all in vain, because on August 24, 79 d. C. the catastrophic eruption of Vesuvius buried the thriving city of Pompeii under a layer of lava and with it the cities of Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis.
Pompeii remained buried and forgotten for centuries, until in the 1600s, during the excavation of a canal people found ruins of some buildings, but none attributed to the ancient town. Only in 1748 the systematic excavations were started by of Charles of Spain without scientific techniques.
The excavations carried out in the following years used a rigorous method, brought to light 60 hectares of land where the ancient Pompeii extended. The work continues today with the dual purpose to preserve the ruins found in the past and to bring new discoveries to light.
The archaeological works have restored paintings, mosaics, furnishings and buildings and it have also allowed to reconstruct the lifestyle of the Roman period. In 1997 this discovery crowned Pompeii Ruins as World Heritage Site of UNESCO together with Herculaneum and Oplontis.
Today Pompeii is a municipality of the metropolitan city of Naples and consists of 25.358 inhabitants.
The fascinating history of this town and its great archaeological heritage unique in the world have made Pompeii as a very attractive tourist center, visited by millions of tourists.
Pompeii Ruins are not the only wonder of the city, it is also a religious center that records daily visits by pilgrims from all over the world.
The city boasts the presence of the Sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin of the Rosary: â€‹â€‹Marian shrine and main place of worship of the city visited by many prominent personalities and saints such as Giuseppe Moscati, Padre Pio of Pietrelcina, Giovanni Paolo II, Benedetto XVI and Francesco.
Città Nostra Odv